How can plants grow in the boiling waters near volcanoes? How do they survive in deserts? How do they survive a flood?
Trillions of microbial partners help out.
Microscopic bacteria and fungi help plants consume nutrients, grow roots, battle toxic substances and resist diseases, floods, heat and drought.
James Kramer, a doctoral student in the Department of Plant and Soil Sciences at Michigan State University, studies how that works.
It is research with implications for global food production.
Listen to the podcast here.