In the African country of Malawi there is not a lot of vegetation, and organic matter in the soil is quickly broken down.
The poor soil means many farmers in Malawi have to adopt innovative methods to increase production on their small farms.
Chiwimbo Gwenambira, a doctoral student in the Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences at Michigan State University, studies how to grow pigeon pea at the same time and place as ground nuts, soybean and maize. She is working with farmers in projects called mother and baby trials, where multiple farmers observe an original test field, and then adopt the practices they think could work well for them.
Her research could improve food production, especially for small farmers in developing countries.
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Photo: Chiwimbo Gwenambira