All posts by The Food Fix

How Improving Inland Fisheries Can Reduce Food Insecurity

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By Gloria Nzeka

Dr. Emmanuel Kaunda, professor at the Lilongwe University of Agriculture & Natural Resources in Malawi, and Dr. Steven Cooke, professor in the department of Biology at Carleton University in Canada discuss their research in inland fisheries.

They recently visited Michigan State University as part of the Robin Welcomme Fellowship Program, an initiative that recognizes scientists who have been working to promote responsible Inland Fisheries.

Listen to the interview here.

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How Creative Can You Get With Beans?

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By Gloria Nzeka

A team of researchers in the department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences at Michigan State University work to improve the quality of beans. In this episode of the Food Fix, they discuss a variety of healthy ways through which beans can be consumed. Their experimental research include coming up with different flavors of beans, and milling methods to create bean flour that can used to make products such as pasta, bread etc.

Click here to listen to the podcast.

Americans’ Eating Habits During the Great Depression

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By Gloria Nzeka

Dr. Helen Veit, an Associate Professor in the department of history at Michigan State University discusses a project focusing on the history of what Americans ate during the Great Depression. Going across the country, Dr. Veit with her colleagues collected historical documents containing food recipes from the 1930s and digitized them.

The project revealed that American food was as diverse back then as it is today.

You can find food recipes and more about the ‘What America Ate’ project by visiting the website whatamericaate.org.

Listen to the interview here

Culinary guide gives bees something to buzz about

 

Sweat bee on Echinacea purpureaBy ERIC FREEDMAN

Capital News Service

LANSING – If you were a honeybee in Michigan, hairy mountain mint and common milkweed might be your top menu choices.

If you were a Michigan bumblebee, you’d prefer chowing down on bee balm and shrubby St. John’s wort.

And if you belonged to one of the state’s 465-plus species of wild bees, roundleaf ragwort and gray goldenrod may whet your appetite.

Discovering what bees like to eat has important ramifications for growers and farmers whose apples, cherries, blueberries, squash, cucumbers, pumpkins, pears and other flowering fruits and vegetables depend on bees for pollination, said Logan Rowe, a co-author of a recently published study examining Michigan bees’ feeding preferences.

The research can help farmers and growers decide what native plants to grow near their orchards and fields, said Rowe, a zoologist with Michigan State University Extension and the Michigan Natural Features Inventory.

The study said, “Since bees obtain nearly all their nutritional requirements from pollen and nectar provided by flowering plants, the availability of these resources within bees’ flight range is crucial to their survival. Flower plantings have been shown to increase the yield of adjacent pollinator-dependent crops.”

Rowe said, “We already encourage growers to incorporate native plants,” and the findings will help them more accurately select the best seed mixtures to attract bees.

The research comes at a time of growing concern about the nation’s bees.

The U.S. Geological Survey estimates that insect pollinators, mainly honey bees, increase the value of crops in the country by more than $15 billion a year.

However, the agency said, “Critical honey bee and wild bee populations in the United States have been declining in recent years, creating concern about the future security of pollination services for agricultural crops.”

Reasons for the decline include pests, pesticides, colony collapse disorder and diseases, as well as “shifting landscapes” in the Midwest where cropland is expanding at the expense of “crucial native grasslands and conservation lands that have historically provided abundant flowers for honey bees and native pollinators,” the Geological Survey said.

Scientists conducted the Michigan study in the Northwest Michigan Horticultural Research Center in Leelanau County, the Clarksville Research Center in Ionia County and the Southwest Michigan Research and Extension Center in Berrien County.

They planted 51 species of drought-tolerant native prairie plants and two non-native species, then observed more than 3,500 honey bees, wild bees and bumblebees as they visited the flowers.

“We were seeing which were most supportive of pollinators,” Rowe said. There’s been little prior research about what types of flowering plants in Michigan’s prairie-type habitat appeal best to different types of bees.

One surprise finding is that bees in different regions of the state have different dietary preferences, he said.

Bees aren’t the only beneficiaries of targeted plantings, the study said. They also provide habitat for threatened wildlife.

The study by researchers at MSU and the University of Manitoba appeared in the journal “Environmental Entomology.”

Challenges to Achieving Global Food Security

Senior Photographer

By Gloria Nzeka

Dr. Felicia Wu, a distinguished professor in the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at Michigan State University discusses some of the challenges that food scientists will need to overcome in order to achieve global food security. She urges food scientists to become proactive in addressing public concerns surrounding genetically modified and bio-engineered foods.

Listen to the interview by clicking here